The Energy consumption of transport sector continues to outpace growth in all other sectors, and fuel demand will reach up to 176 MTOE by 2030 dominated by road transport and this will further rise to 286 MTOE by 2040. The country’s light-duty vehicle (LDVs) stock has increased by an average of 19% per year since 2000, rising to an estimated 22.5 million in 2013, with an additional 95 million motorbikes and scooters (two/three-wheelers).
Keeping in view the climate change commitments made by Government of India during the COP21 Summit held at Paris to reduce emission intensity by 33- 35% by 2030 from 2005 levels, it is pertinent to introduce alternative means in the transport sector which can be coupled with India’s rapid economic growth, rising urbanization, travel demand and country’s energy security. Electric mobility presents a viable alternative in addressing these challenges, when packaged with innovative pricing solutions, appropriate technology and support infrastructure and thus, has been on the radar of Government of India.
Electric mobility will also contribute to balancing energy demand, energy storage and environmental sustainability. Electric vehicles could help diversify the energy needed to move people and goods thanks to their reliance on the wide mix of primary energy sources used in power generation, greatly improving energy security. Thanks to their storage capacity, they could help support the uptake of clean electricity, enabling greater use of variable renewable in electricity production. If coupled with the decarburization of the power sector, electric vehicles would also provide major contributions to keep the world on track to meet its shared climate goals.
Electric mobility comes with zero or ultra-low tailpipe emissions of local air pollutants and much lower noise, and, by being one of the most innovative clusters for the automotive sector, can provide a major boost to the economic and industrial competitiveness, attracting investments, especially in countries.
The Electric Vehicle industry in India is far behind, with less than 1% of the total vehicle sales. Currently, Indian roads are dominated by conventional vehicles and have approximately 0.4 million electric two wheelers and a few thousand electric cars only. The Indian EV industry has been on the back seat due to various challenges.
Government of India have undertaken multiple initiatives to promote manufacturing and adoption of electric vehicles in India. With support of the government, electric vehicles have started penetrating in the Indian market. However, availability of adequate Charging Infrastructure is one of the key requirements for accelerated adoption of electric vehicles in India.
In this regard, Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles – Guidelines and Standards – No.12/2/2018EV (notified on 14 December 2018 by the Ministry of Power, Government of India) mentions the roles and responsibilities of a Central Nodal agency for National-level rollout of charging infrastructure in the country. Further, in terms of order no 12/2/2018-EV dated 12th February, 2019, Ministry of Power, Government of India, has designated, Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) as the Central Nodal Agency for the purpose of provisions of Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles -Guidelines and Standards issued by it on 14th December 2018.